THE POLLUTION LEVEL OF TENIOSIS IN SHEPHERDS AND IMPACT OF SOME OF THEM IN APPARITION AND DEVELOPMENT OF CENURIOSIS FOCUS POINTS IN YOUNG SHEEP

Published in Scientific Papers. Series D. Animal Science., Vol. LVI
Written by Octavian NEGREA, Vioara MIREŞAN, Grigore ONACIU, Camelia RĂDUCU, Flore CHIRILĂ, Zamfir MARCHIŞ, Octavia NEGREA

The investigations performed in May 2012 on a group made up of 15 shepherd individuals, (9 adults and 6 young from 2 sheepfolds), concerning the incidence and intensity of parasitism in some teniosis, emphasized their high prevalence, of 80.8% in adult dogs from the sheepfold 1 and 75.0% from the sheepfold 2, and 66.6% in young dogs from the sheepfold 2. The share of the oncosphere copro-eliminations in shepherd dogs teniosis from both sheepfolds emphasized average and massive levels in adult dogs (50.0% in sheepfold 1 and 33.3% and 66.6%, respectively, in sheepfold 2), and in young dogs low and massive levels (50.0% sheepfold 2). The incidence of the cerebro-spinal cenuriosis in young sheep during previous year exhibited values of 24% in sheepfolds 1 and 10.2%, in sheepfold 2, and anatomo-clinical picture is dominated by serious locomotory disorders (42.8%) and nervous disorders (28.5%).

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Negrea O., Mireşan V., Onaciu G., Răducu C., Chirilă F., Marchiş Z., Negrea O. 2013, THE POLLUTION LEVEL OF TENIOSIS IN SHEPHERDS AND IMPACT OF SOME OF THEM IN APPARITION AND DEVELOPMENT OF CENURIOSIS FOCUS POINTS IN YOUNG SHEEP. Scientific Papers. Series D. Animal Science., Vol. LVI, ISSN 2285-5750, 209-212.

THE UMBILICAL RING OF RUMINANTS, NATURAL GATE FOR TRANSPONDER IMPLANT INTO THE PREPERITONEAL SPACE

Published in Scientific Papers. Series D. Animal Science., Vol. LVI
Written by Sorin LUNGU, Anca LUNGU, Horia GROSU

The ruminant identification is an important tool aimed to establish safely animal ownership, for animal health monitoring and control, food safety control, and finally for genetic selection. For ruminants the technologies developed during the last years do not allow to ensure that a certain set of basic requirements are met: absence of migration of transponder, fast recovery of transponder in slaughterhouse, possible application in the second part of the meat cutting chain. Therefore, a safe and reliable identification system is needed to ensure live animals and products traceability throughout the food production chain. Implanting of an electronic device into the preperitoneal space by patent of umbilical cord and ring, for performing electronic identification of ruminants may represent a positive answer for the above requirements. This procedure relates to an electronic system for identification and monitoring of small and big ruminant animals, from birth until cutting and utilization of meat cuts. Experiments were carried out in experimental farm conditions of National Research Development Institute for Animal Biology and Nutrition. Our preliminary investigations about methodology, were made with the intent, to explore if is possible to be used, in real farm conditions.

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Lungu S., Lungu A., Grosu H. 2013, THE UMBILICAL RING OF RUMINANTS, NATURAL GATE FOR TRANSPONDER IMPLANT INTO THE PREPERITONEAL SPACE. Scientific Papers. Series D. Animal Science., Vol. LVI, ISSN 2285-5750, 217-220.

THE UTILIZATION OF FAST FOOD WASTE PRODUCT ON THE PROTEIN EFFICIENCY RATION OF LOCAL MALE DUCK

Published in Scientific Papers. Series D. Animal Science., Vol. LVI
Written by Tuti WIDJASTUTI, Hery SUPRATMAN, Sjafril DARANA, Anggana KHATULISTIWA

Day old male local ducks are the hatching duck eggs by product, that could be raised intensively as ducks meat, because very cheap and by fast growing age of eight weeks can be harvested, and slightly fatty. Friend chicken fast food restaurant waste product as bone and meat which rich of high level of protein and utilized for alternative feed local ducks. Waste product contains 50.18 % crude protein, so it can be used as an alternative source of animal protein feed. The experiment using the fast food restaurant waste going as meat and bone meal (MBM) and utilized of its to increase duck meat production. The experiment was held to find out of protein efficiency ratio of male local ducks fed diets containing fast food waste (MBM). One hundred day old local male ducks were raised in cages until eight weeks old. The experiment conducted with Completely Randomized Design, five meat and bone (MBM) meal levels in the ration, namely: 0 % (R0), 5 % (R1) ,10 % ( R2), 15 % ( R3), and 20 % (R4), repeated five times, where each replication consist of five local male ducks, and continued with Dunnet test, if there were any significantly differences among the treatments. Feed consumption, protein consumption, body weight gain and protein efficiency ratio were parameters observed. The result indicated that fast food restaurant waste (MBM) doesn’t give negative effect on feed consumption, protein consumption, body weight gain and protein efficiency ratio. The real conclusion of this experiment that by giving fast food restaurant waste going as meat and bone meal until 20 percent gave the best protein efficiency ratio of local male duck.

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Widjastuti T., Supratman H., Darana S, Khatulistiwa A. 2013, THE UTILIZATION OF FAST FOOD WASTE PRODUCT ON THE PROTEIN EFFICIENCY RATION OF LOCAL MALE DUCK. Scientific Papers. Series D. Animal Science., Vol. LVI, ISSN 2285-5750, 192-196.

USE OF CHROME TRACE FOR VITAL ACTIVITIES FUNCTIONS STIMULATION OF APIS MELLIFERA BEE COLONIES

Published in Scientific Papers. Series D. Animal Science., Vol. LVI
Written by Valentina CEBOTARI, I. TODERAS, I. BUZU1, V. RUDIC

The goal of the work was to determine the biostimulation effect of a nutritional supplement of sugar syrup enriched with biomass extract of cyanobacteria Spirulina platensis strain, grown on remedy of chromium alum and potassium, on vital activities functions of Apis mellifera bee colonies. In special experiences has been tested in bees food, an energymineralo- protein nutritional supplement „Apispir+Cr”, composed of sugar syrup in proportion 1:1, enriched with biomass extract of cyanobacteria Spirulina platensis strain, grown in the presence of coordinate compound of chromium and potassium alum-KCr (SO4) 2·12H2O administered in nutrient medium componence, in the amount of 30...35 mg/L in the first three days of cultivation. The extract of the cyanobacteria Spirulina platensis stem biomass has been obtained by repeated extraction of biologically active substances with alcohol solution and solution of NaOH, by centrifuging, by combinig the supernatants and by making the dialysis up to pH 7.5...8.5 with getting the final extract. Nutritional supplement 'Apispir+Cr' was tested on two similar batches with bee colonies, with 10 families in each batch, including:-Ist batch-witness, where the bees were fed with sugar syrup 1:1, in amount of 100...130 mL to a frame with bees, at every 2 days during two weeks;-II batch-experimental, where bees were fed with sugar syrup 1:1, in the same amount, enriched with the 'Apispir+Cr' supplement under 500:1, and syrup with extract. In early may, before the base picking, were examined the main morphoproductive characters and qualities of bee colonies. Test results have shown that feeding the bees with a nutritional supplement 'Apispir+Cr' in early spring, during the poor harvest in nature, contributed to a significant increase in the value of the main morphoproductive characters of bee colonies. Thus, bee colonies from experimental batch, who received in food the nutritional supplement enriched with 'Apispir+Cr', exceeded their fellows: after the prolificity – with 1390 eggs/24 hours, or with 74.4% (P < 0.001), quantity of covered brood-with 167 hundreds of cells, or with 74.5% (P < 0.001), the power of the family-with 0.56 kg or 25.3% (P < 0.001), resistance to disease-with 10.8 percentage, or 13.4% (P < 0.001), the amount of wax accumulated in nest-with 1.10 kg, or with 8.,6% (P < 0.05), the amount of honey in the nest-2.44 kg, or 90.0% (P < 0.001), the quantity of pasture accumulated in the nest-with 36.4 hundreds of cells, or with 106.7% (P < 0.001).

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CEBOTARI V., TODERAS I., BUZU I., RUDIC V. 2013 USE OF CHROME TRACE FOR VITAL ACTIVITIES FUNCTIONS STIMULATION OF APIS MELLIFERA BEE COLONIES. Scientific Papers. Series D. Animal Science., Vol. LVI, ISSN 2285-5750, 73-77.

USING FEED ADDITIVE (COMPLEX SYMBIOTIC) IN STIMULATING FEEDING OF BEES

Published in Scientific Papers. Series D. Animal Science., Vol. LVI
Written by Nicolae EREMIA

Honey bees use as food nectar, honey, and pollen and bee bread. They collect nectar and pollen on flowers, that process in food-honey and bee bread. Food provides bees body with energy due to carbohydrates, proteins, enzymes, lipids, vitamins, minerals. One of the methods by which it is possible to increase growth and productivity of bee families is early stimulating nutrition. The purpose of research is to use feed additive Premix Bionorm P (symbiotic complex) in bees’ development. It was found that the optimal dose of feed additive Premix Bionorm P (symbiotic complex) is 100 mg / l sugar syrup administered in spring time to boost bee families using one liter over every 10-12 days, beginning with the first days of April until early harvest of white acacia. It was found that the use of feed additive (symbiotic complex) in the nutrition of bees’ families stimulates increasing power of families from 29.2 to 39%, queens’ prolificacy and capped juvenile with 41.9 to 50.2%. It is reasonable the stimulation of bee families in the spring when there is no natural harvest, which ensures honey increase production by 43.2%.

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Eremia N. 2013, USING FEED ADDITIVE (COMPLEX SYMBIOTIC) IN STIMULATING FEEDING OF BEES. Scientific Papers. Series D. Animal Science., Vol. LVI, ISSN 2285-5750, 282-290.


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