ISSN 2285-5750, ISSN CD-ROM 2285-5769, ISSN-L 2285-5750, ISSN Online: 2393 – 2260

The evolution and current situation of goat breeding in Romania

Published in Scientific Papers. Series D. Animal Science, Vol. LV
Written by Ion RĂDUCUȚĂ, Ion CĂLIN, Șerban PURDOIU

After the integration of our country within the EU have occurred major changes in many areas of activity and including in the goat breeding sector. The purpose of this paper is to investigate the evolution and situation of goat breeding sector in Romania in relation with the goat livestock, the number and size of goat exploitations and goat productions. To achieve these objectives we have studied the official statistical data, we calculated the percentage difference between the reference years and we interpreted data obtained. The results showed that the goat livestock has increasing with 135.6% in 2010 compared with 2002 and with 80.1% compared with 2006. In terms of number and size of goat exploitations, the results showed that in the year 2010 there were 176,353 exploitations of goat of which 88.6% are individual exploitations that have an average number of 2.4 heads goats per unit and which hold these animals exclusively for self-consumption of family and only 3% of total exploitations have more than 100 heads, as average size of goat farms existing in the western countries of EU. However, compared with the existing situation in 2002, the number of exploitations in the year 2010 decreased with about 25%, especially based by reducing of small exploitations, respectively those which are framed in class less than 10 heads.

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