STUDY REGARDING THE PRODUCTION PERFORMANCE OF MONTBELIARDE DAIRY COWS IN THE SOUTHERN AREA OF ROMANIA

Published in Scientific Papers. Series D. Animal Science, Vol. LVII
Written by Livia VIDU, Vasile BĂCILĂ, Alina UDROIU, Razvan POPA, Dana POPA, Mirela STANCIU, Minodora TUDORACHE, Ioan CUSTURĂ

Generally cattle produce 95% of the total milk from the market, over 33% of meat production, 90% of all raw hides and 75% of the livestock manure. Romania can ensure forage for seven millions cattle. At present, there are 2.162.013 cattle, of which 1.231.857 dairy cows. Based on this situation requires a review of breeding strategies and the distribution of species and breeds in different geographical areas. The preservation of natural resources as a support for biological, social and economic life is the key for sustainable development of society. In last years it has imported and other breeds of cattle. Montbéliarde breed has adapted very well to the climatic conditions and plant resources in our country. In France, the country of origin, it is considered a milk breed with the average milk yield about 7500 kg / normal lactation (305 days),3.8 to 3.9% fat and 3.45% protein. The total number of Montbeliarde dairy cows is at present in Romania over 2000, of which 676 animals in official control of production. The current study was conducted in three farms in the south of Romania. In these farms animals have been brought from France, heifers in pregnancy months IV-VII. After the end of the first lactation, production data were recorded and statistically analyzed. The statistical analysis was performed on a number of 379 primiparous cows. It was noted that the main parameters of production showed variations between farms. Thus, the duration of lactation had values between 314-330 days, with implications on the quantity of milk and the reproduction activity. Regarding the average quantity of milk per cow values were recorded between 5646 and 6320 kg milk and fat percentage of 4.14, respectively 3.80%. The production values are influenced by many factors (conditions of feeding, milking, sheltering) and they influence the total quantity of milk for processing, and quality.

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Vidu L., Băcilă V., Udroiu A., Popa R., Popa D., Stanciu M., Tudorache M., Custură I. 2014, STUDY REGARDING THE PRODUCTION PERFORMANCE OF MONTBELIARDE DAIRY COWS IN THE SOUTHERN AREA OF ROMANIA. Scientific Papers. Series D. Animal Science, Vol. LVII, ISSN 2285-5790, 216-222.


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