CATTLE AND SMALL RUMINANT BREEDING ACTIVITIES IN TURKEY

Published in Scientific Papers. Series D. Animal Science., Vol. LVI
Written by Ali Murat TATAR, Muhittin TUTKUN, Halit Deniz SIRELI

In recent years, due to the increasing global warming, food security is one of the world's biggest problems. Each country is willing to take under guarantee the safety of their food in order to feed the population. In order to realize this strategy, rather than increasing the number of animals in production to increase yield obtained per animal. The most effective and accurate way to increase productivity per animal is breeding. Breeding success depends on agricultural policies applied, in addition to the objectives to be accomplished. Breeding activities started with the republic in Turkey, but could not achieve the desired success. Herd book records belongs to species are collected by the cattle, sheep and goat breeders associations. Type of pedigree cattle records history dates back to 1995. Projects carried out jointly by Turkey, Germany and Italy began pedigree studies resulted in the establishment of Cattle Breeders’ Association. By means of this associations, breeding activities have gained momentum and National Breeding Program was started in 1999, Cattle Breeders' Association of Turkey, in partnership with the Ministry of Food, Agriculture and Livestock. In this program, pre-herdbook and herdbook records are kept by the Association and, Progeny Testing System are applied in conditions of the country. Organizational model in small ruminants are applied similar to cattle, however keeping herdbook records and breeding activities are implemented at the beginning stage yet. In this study, animal breeding applications in Turkey are evaluated generally.

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Tatar A. M., Tutkun M., Sireli H. D. 2013, CATTLE AND SMALL RUMINANT BREEDING ACTIVITIES IN TURKEY. Scientific Papers. Series D. Animal Science., Vol. LVI, ISSN 2285-5750, 233-236.


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