NUTRIENT CONCENTRATE FERMENTATION BASED SHRIMP WASTE AND EFFECT ON PRODUCTION PERFORMANCE PHASE LAYER NATIVE CHICKEN

Published in Scientific Papers. Series D. Animal Science, Vol. LX
Written by Abun, Tuti WIDJASTUT, Kiki HAETAMI, Denny RUSMANA, Jhondri

Efforts toward improving the quality of waste containing high chitin through bioprocess shrimp waste utilizing Bacillus licheniformis, Lactobacillus sp. and Saccharomyces cereviseae, in order to obtain the product (Nutrient Concentrate) quality in order to meet the nutritional needs of local poultry (native chicken). Biological test products in the ration to determine its effectiveness towards achieving the optimal performance needs to be done. Native chicken has an important role as a provider of meat and eggs to be relied. The study was conducted using a laboratory experiment using a completely randomized design, consisting of 6 treatments rations and each repeated four times. Ration treatment: R0 = control diet (15% protein and ME 2,750 kcal/kg); R1 = rations containing 5% Nutrient Concentrate (Protein 15% and ME 2,750 kcal/kg); R2 = ration containing 10% Nutrient Concentrate (Protein 15% and ME 2,750 kcal/kg); R3 = rations containing 15% Nutrient Concentrate (Protein 15% and ME 2,750 kcal/kg); R4 = rations containing 20% Nutrient Concentrate (Protein 15% and ME 2,750 kcal/kg); and RS = standard ration (Protein 18% and ME 2,750 kcal/kg). Variables observed that the performance of native chicken layer phase (egg weight, number of eggs, daily egg production and feed efficiency) and hematological values chicken blood (erythrocytes, leukocytes, and blood hematocrit). Data were analyzed by analysis of variance and differences between treatments were tested by Duncan's multiple range test. The results obtained by the performance of native chicken layer phase with the use Nutrient Concentrate at the rate of 20% in the ration equivalent to the standard ration, the weight of the eggs ranged from 40.51 to 43.46 g/grain, the number of eggs from 32.37 to 33.16 grains/2 months, han-day 53.95% - 55.26% and feed efficiency of 54.02% - 58.95%. ). Values range chicken blood hematological phase layer in the normal range, the number of erythrocytes ranged from 2.06 to 2.16 ×106 /mm3 ; leukocytes from 36.42 to 37.27 ×103 /mm3 ; and hematocrit 33.25% - 34.25%. Nutrient Concentrate can be used as a source of animal protein in the ration formulation native chicken layer phase and use up to the level of 20%.

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Abun, WIDJASTUT T., HAETAMI K., RUSMANA D., Jhondri 2017, NUTRIENT CONCENTRATE FERMENTATION BASED SHRIMP WASTE AND EFFECT ON PRODUCTION PERFORMANCE PHASE LAYER NATIVE CHICKEN. Scientific Papers. Series D. Animal Science, Vol. LX, ISSN 2285-5750, 55-60.


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