SOME FACTORS AFFECTING BREED SELECTION OF LIVESTOCK FARMS IN SIIRT PROVINCE

Published in Scientific Papers. Series D. Animal Science, Vol. LX
Written by Galip BAKIR, Feyza ALEV ÇETİN, Nazire MİKAİL

This study investigates factors such as location, altitude, number of animals and number of employees influential in breed preferences of sheep and goat farms in and around Siirt. Research material was formed from a survey carried out in 286 enterprises in Siirt and 6 districts. Data were analysed using SPSS 20.0 software package. Breeds reared in farms are varying by location, in such districts as Centrum, Baykan and Kurtalan with low altitude, hair goats were not preferred, while in places like Eruh, Pervari and Şirvan with rich pasture and high altitude hair goats were preferred intensely. Inbreed preference of farms animal number was found significant (p<0.01). It was found 42.5% of hair goats and 64.3% of Awassi ewes in farms with 26-50 animals, while in farms with 250 and more animals no hear goats was found. Satisfaction case in farms was different according to education level of farmers. Hence, 94.7% of uneducated farmers were satisfied with the reared breed. This rate was 98.3% in primary school graduates, 96.6% in secondary school graduates and increased to %100 in high school graduates. In cattle breed preferences Kurtalan and Pervari districts preferred exotic cattle in the close rates (%35.9, %33.3), also it was pointed out that the both districts had different altitudes. Again, the low percent of native breed and zero crossbreed cattle in Kurtalan district was found significant. Influential factors as location, number of employees in the farm, education, farming duration (p<0.01), altitude and age (p<0.05) were found significant in farms’ cattle breed preferences. With this study made in sheep and goat farms located in Siirt, the impact of the investigated factors in breed selection was found significant. Considering the potential of the livestock in Siirt, it is concluded that in giving directions to the livestock in Siirt, these factors must be taken into account

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BAKIR G, ALEV ÇETİN F., MİKAİL N. 2017, SOME FACTORS AFFECTING BREED SELECTION OF LIVESTOCK FARMS IN SIIRT PROVINCE. Scientific Papers. Series D. Animal Science, Vol. LX, ISSN 2285-5750, 183-190.


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