PRELIMINARY DATA ON GROSS MARGIN COMPARISON OF DAIRY FARMS IN TWO REGIONS OF ALBANIA

Published in Scientific Papers. Series D. Animal Science, Vol. LX
Written by Grigor GJEÇI, Ylli BIÇOKU

The purpose of the study was to analyze and compare the economic efficiency of dairy farms in two regions of Albania. This was a descriptive and quantitative survey and the target population was the dairy farmers collaborating with Agriculture Regional Directories of Elbasan and Shkoder. The farmers and expert panel was used to calculate the gross margin. The annual farm incomeand the cost of milk production were studied. The milk cost ranged from 0,271to 0,30 Euro/kg, while milk price ranged from 0,310 to 0,356 Euro/kg, while the meat price ranged from 2,2 Euro/Kg to 2,5 Euro/Kg. The farms in Shkodra have a negative result only from the milk production, but the Gross Margin is improved from the meat selling. In Elbasan region the results are better; and incomes from milk are higher than incomes from meat while in Shkoder is vice-versa. The market price of one kilogram of meat is equal to 6.75 kg of milk. In variable cost, feed took the highest share by 81.2 percent. Feeding keeps the highest share within variable cost: 78.1% for Elbasan region and 75.6 % for Shkodra region. The Gross Margin per Cow (GMpC), for all the farms monitored, have positive values. The GMpCmilk+meatranged from 145.1 to 480.2 Euro/Cow in Shkoder and from 380.9 to 1480.8 Euro/Cow in Elabasan, while the GMpC milk in Elbasan had positive value (160.1 to 886.8 Euro/cow) in Shkodrathree farms hada negative value (-1.3 to 7.1 Euro/Cow) and the rest had positive value but lower than of Elbasan (47.8 to 136.8 Euro/Cow). This is one of the reasons, emphasized by MARDWA, that the analysis of the competitiveness of agriculture of Albania shows that currently only a small share of farms can compete in the regional market, EU and international level.

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GJEÇI G., BIÇOKU Y. 2017, PRELIMINARY DATA ON GROSS MARGIN COMPARISON OF DAIRY FARMS IN TWO REGIONS OF ALBANIA. Scientific Papers. Series D. Animal Science, Vol. LX, ISSN 2285-5750, 235-239.


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