ISSN 2285-5750, ISSN CD-ROM 2285-5769, ISSN-L 2285-5750, ISSN Online: 2393 – 2260

Animal biodiversity conservation, a key of sustainable agriculture. Case study:The romanian Pinzgau breed in Transilvania region

Published in Scientific Papers. Series D. Animal Science, Vol. LV
Written by Răzvan POPA, Dana POPA, Marius MAFTEI, Dorel DRONCA, Vasile BĂCILĂ

Pinzgau breed or Pinzgauer is called after its region of origin (place Pinzgauer, near Salzburg, Austria) and is a mountain breed of cattle. The breed appeared in the 19th century from local mountain breeds and was developed in three directions: traction, milk and meat. Recent research has shown that specimens of the Pinzgau breed feed recovered well from such areas, farmers, to get average yields, having to buy a small amount of concentrated feed for animal ration to complete. In Romania, Red Pinzgau breed formed after absorption crosses made between local breeds of cattle (Grey Steppe and MocaniGa) and Pizgau of Austria, since the second half of the nineteenth century, and black Pinzgau named "Cow of Dorna" by crossing local cattle with various mountain improved breeds (Pinzgauer, Mölltal, Zillertal, Dux-Zillertal, Dutch, Brown, etc.). The breed is exploited in three areas: NW of Moldavia, SW of Transylvania and W of Transylvania -Apuseni Mountains. Transylvanian Pinzgau breed has a sound constitution, lively temperament, docile character, precocity mediocre, high longevity, good capacity of adaptation, resistance to disease and weather. Has a multilateral skill (milk, meat, traction). These things are the main reasons why race should be kept in a form of active conservation. Moreover, in order to preserve the tradition and traditional products in Romania, is required to maintain this breed and even the formation of its national park.

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