EVALUATION OF THE EXTERIOR OF HOLSTEIN AND SIMMENTAL PRIMIPAROUS COWS

Published in Scientific Papers. Series D. Animal Science, Vol. LX
Written by Aleksandra KONSTANDOGLO, V. FOKSHA, G. STRATAN, D. STRATAN

The aim of presented research is to study the exterior features and the morphological and functional parameters of the udder of primiparous cows of Holstein and Simmental breeds in the herd SLL "Strapit", Kalarash. Research carried out on Holstein primiparous cows (n = 19), Simmental (n = 22) of the Austrian origin. In order to establish the main features of the exterior of the body measurements were taken basic body measurements and defined physique indexes. As a result of research it was established that primiparous cows of Holstein breed is well defined type of dairy cattle, confirming their proportional physique shape, the development of the middle part of the body, strong bone. Simmental primiparous cows for measurements the height at the withers by 3.3% and in the sacrum by 1.2% exceed the minimum requirements of the standard. Chest well developed in depth, wide enough, which is characteristic for the Simmental. Udder of primiparous cows of Holstein breed differs bulkiness, with the developed portions, advantageously tightly attached. Visually, the external structure of the udder of these animals differs by a greater extent along the belly and enough depth than at heifers of Simmental breed.

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KONSTANDOGLO A., V. FOKSHA, G. STRATAN, D. STRATAN 2017, EVALUATION OF THE EXTERIOR OF HOLSTEIN AND SIMMENTAL PRIMIPAROUS COWS . Scientific Papers. Series D. Animal Science, Vol. LX, ISSN 2285-5750, 35-39.

EVALUATION OF THE ORAL RABIES VACCINATION PROGRAM OF RED FOXES (Vulpes Vulpes) POPULATION IN ROMANIA IN 2014

Published in Scientific Papers. Series D. Animal Science, Vol. LIX
Written by Vlad VUTA, Gheorghe BARBOI, Dragos BONCEA, Florica BARBUCEANU, Constantin VLAGIOIU

Rabies is a fatal zoonotic viral disease produced by a Lyssavirus and is causing more than 70,000 human deaths each year. In Romania foxes are the main wildlife reservoir. Oral rabies (ORV) vaccination of this specie is the most effective method to control and eventually eradicate rabies. Supported by co-financing program between Romania and European Union, successive ORV campaigns were conducted. Monitoring of the effectiveness of oral vaccination campaign has been carried out continuously from 2011 and was based on: (i) post-mortem laboratory examination of brain tissue of foxes by fluorescent antibodytest (FAT), (ii) detection of antibodies against rabies virus in thoracic liquid by ELISA, (iii) detection of tetracycline biomarker in teeth for the evaluation of vaccine bait uptake and (iv) discrimination between wild and vaccinated rabies virus strains by PCR and sequencing techniques. The laboratory analysis of 2014 campaign revealed 31.18% seropositivity and detection of tetracycline biomarker in 55.4% of the foxes tested. No vaccine-induced rabies cases occurred and all positive foxes (1.33%) were infected with wild rabies strains present in Romania.

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VUTA V., BARBOI Gh., BONCEA D., BARBUCEANU F., VLAGIOIU C. 2016, EVALUATION OF THE ORAL RABIES VACCINATION PROGRAM OF RED FOXES (Vulpes Vulpes) POPULATION IN ROMANIA IN 2014. Scientific Papers. Series D. Animal Science, Vol. LIX, ISSN 2285-5750, 346-350.

EXTERIOR OF HOLSTEIN COWS OF DUTCH AND GERMAN BREEDING

Published in Scientific Papers. Series D. Animal Science, Vol. LXI, Issue 1
Written by V. FOKSHA, Aleksandra KONSTANDOGLO, Gr. MORAR, G. PEYKOV, G. TATARU

Were investigated the exterior features on the basis of sampling and the calculation of the physique indexes of Holstein cows of Dutch and German breeding in the herd of Joint-Stock Company „Aydyn”, Comrat, Administrative and Territorial Unit Gagauzia, Republic of Moldova. Cows of German breeding in many measurements had superiority in comparison with contemporaries. A cow of Dutch breeding were significantly inferior to the peers of the German selection for high-altitude measurements - the height at the withers and in the sacrum was 2.6 cm (P˂0.05) and 2.0 cm (P˂0.01), respectively. The body in length was better developed at cows of Dutch breeding - according to the index of stretching; they exceeded the peers of German breeding by 2.1 %.

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FOKSHA V., KONSTANDOGLO A., MORAR G., PEYKOV G., TATARU G. 2018, EXTERIOR OF HOLSTEIN COWS OF DUTCH AND GERMAN BREEDING . Scientific Papers. Series D. Animal Science, Vol. LXI, Issue 1, ISSN 2285-5750, 46-51.

FATS IN PRODUCTS FEED SUPPLEMENTS AND EFFECT ON RETENTION OF PROTEIN IN NILEM FISH (Osteochilus hasseltii)

Published in Scientific Papers. Series D. Animal Science, Vol. LIX
Written by Kiki HAETAMI, ABUN, Deni RUSMANA,Yeni MULYANI

Nilem fish (Osteochilus hasseltii) has a great potential as product of baby fish (three months old), and fish eggs (caviar) and that is now introduced in the floating cages started nursery phase. Optimization of cultivation through input-protein energy efficient as well as enrichment efforts fatty acids in the diet is very urgent. This study aims to get the kind of fat supplement of alternative materials which added to the feed to improve growth and protein retention in nilem fish reared in Cirata. The research was conducted in two stages: (1) Phase 1, scale up alternative sources of fats from hazelnut and meal worm (Tenebrio molitor); added in the feed formulation; (2) Phase 2, growth, feed conversion, and retention of protein on fish meat. The experimental design in biological assay using a completely randomized design (6x3); with standard ration treatment (Rs), then Rs with the addition of animal fat supplements (meal worm) and vegetable oils (hazelnut) in the form of flour and oil extraction, as well as a commercial feed controls. The results showed that: 1) Yield of pure oil of hazelnut and meal worm results flouring solvent extraction followed respectively by 27.3% and 12.15% of the fresh weight. 2) Feeding for four weeks showed that growth rate between 3.72 g - 5.82 g, with meal worm feed supplements 2% was highest absolute growth rate, and no significant with high protein on control, and so was hazelnut 2%. 3) Retention of protein obtained in supplement worm oil and hazelnut oil 1%, respectively 33.42 and 33.46%.

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HAETAMI K., ABUN, RUSMANA D.,MULYANI Y. 2016, FATS IN PRODUCTS FEED SUPPLEMENTS AND EFFECT ON RETENTION OF PROTEIN IN NILEM FISH (Osteochilus hasseltii). Scientific Papers. Series D. Animal Science, Vol. LIX, ISSN 2285-5750, 320-325.

FATTENING PERFORMANCE AND CARCASS CHARACTERISTICS OF LAMBS FED DIETS WITH DIFFERENT SHARES OF NON-DEGRADABLE PROTEIN

Published in Scientific Papers. Series D. Animal Science, Vol. LIX
Written by D. Ružić-Muslić, M. P. Petrović, M. M. Petrović, Z. Bijelić, V. Caro Petrović, N. Maksimović

The effects of the level of non-degradable protein in diet on fattening performance and carcass characteristics of intensively fattened lambs are presented in the paper.The aim of this study was to determine the optimal level of nondegradable protein in the diet of weaned lambs fattened intensively.The experiment was conducted on 60 lambs of MIS population weaned at 60 days of age, divided into three groups.The effect of the use of three concentrated mixtures which differed in terms of the share of non-degradable protein at the rumen level was studied: 43% (I), 51% (II) and 58% (III).The average daily gain of lambs included in the treatments I : II : III was 0.169 : 0.205 : 0.227 kg, respectively. Conversion of dry matter (kg/kggain) on analogue treatments was 4.54 : 3.71 : 3.30; energy (MJ NEM/kg): 33.77 : 29.37 : 26.25; total protein (g/kg): 732 : 596 : 549. Values of yield of warm carcass with offal, observed per treatments I : II : III were as follows: 58.70 : 58.02 : 57.42%. Meat yield of category I (thigh, loin) on analogue treatments amounted to 37.27 : 37.35 : 37.51%, category II (back, shoulder, neck) 33.9 : 32.67 : 32.83% and category III (chest with a forearm and shanks): 27.78 : 29.59 : 29.10%. The ratio of muscle and bone tissue in the treatments with 48 : 51 : 58% non-degradable protein was 2.5:1; 2.9:1; and 2.8:1.This research has shown that the best fattening performance was achieved by lambs on treatment with 58% RUP while meat yield and morphological composition of the carcass side were not under significant influence of the studied treatment.

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D. RUZIC-MUSLIC D., PETROVIC M.P., PETROVIC M.M., BIJELIC Z., CARO PETROVIC V., MAKSIMOVIC N. 2016, FATTENING PERFORMANCE AND CARCASS CHARACTERISTICS OF LAMBS FED DIETS WITH DIFFERENT SHARES OF NON-DEGRADABLE PROTEIN. Scientific Papers. Series D. Animal Science, Vol. LIX, ISSN 2285-5750, 102-107.

FEED LOSS IN CUP DRINKERS IN GEESE PRODUCTION

Published in Scientific Papers. Series D. Animal Science, Vol. LIX
Written by Mehmet Akif BOZ, Musa SARICA, Umut Sami YAMAK

The feed losses in drinkers and behavior of geese in two different systems (intensive and free-range) were investigated in this study. Day old age 216 Turkish geese were randomly allocated among 16 pens interspersed within windowed houses, each holding 12-14 goslings. All goslings were reared indoors until the end of 6 weeks of age. After 6 weeks of age, birds in the 'free-range’ outdoor system were given 13-hour access. The amount of feed merged into drinkers determined weekly. The effect of production system on feed loss was significant between weeks of 7-18, and the amount of feed loss in free-range system was found higher than indoor (P<0.05). Highest feed lost was determined at 16 weeks of age. Daily mean feed loss in drinkers per goose was calculated between 9.55 and 15.93 g. It has been determined that significant amount of feed loss related to drinkers in geese production.

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BOZ M.A., SARICA M., YAMAK U.S. 2016, FEED LOSS IN CUP DRINKERS IN GEESE PRODUCTION. Scientific Papers. Series D. Animal Science, Vol. LIX, ISSN 2285-5750, 170-172.

FEED OIL SUPPLEMENT FROM ALTERNATIVE MATERIALS ON FEED EFFICIENCY AND PROTEIN EFFICIENCY RATIO IN RED TILAPIA FISH (OREOCHROMIS NILOTICUS) SEED PHASE

Published in Scientific Papers. Series D. Animal Science, Vol. LX
Written by Kiki HAETAMI, Junianto JUNIANTO, Iskandar ISKANDAR, Abun ABUN

Optimization of cultivation through input protein-energy efficient in the diet is very urgent. Fish need fat as an energy source and to maintain the shape and function of membrane tissue. This study aims to explore source fat from alternative materials of animal fat (caterpillar flour or larvae of Tenebrio molitor) and seed fat (hazelnut) in the form of feed oil supplement (FOS) its impact on feed efficiency and protein efficiency ratio in red tilapia fish seed phase. Methods of extraction descriptively, followed by a biological test experimentally, completely randomized design (7x3) use of feed oil supplement from caterpillar flour and hazenut (each with a dossage 1%, 2% and 2% a mixture of both) were added to the basal feed (low protein), and treatment standard feed (high protein). The extraction of hazelnut (31.72% crude protein, fat 35.32%) and the caterpillar flour (crude protein 55.11%; 15.51% fat), obtained the total yield of 30-35% material and extract oil supplements each 9.9 % and 4.05% initial weight. Biological test showed that the highest feed efficiency in the use of 2% a mixture of both caterpilar and hazelnut oil, but not significatly different with the use of standard feed and 2% hazelnut oil and caterpillar oil. Feed efficiency and Protein efficiency ratio of 2% feed oil supplement was higher compared to 1% feed oil supplement award and the basal feed. The addition of feed oil supplement will be increasing content of Energy-Protein Balance in the feed (ranging from 6.8 to 8.9 kcal.g-1 protein). There means the protein sparring effect (effect of partial substitution of protein as an energy sources by fat) so as to conserve resources N and in turn be able to eliminate the discharge of nitrogen in the water

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HAETAMI K., JUNIANTO J., ISKANDAR I., ABUN A. 2017, FEED OIL SUPPLEMENT FROM ALTERNATIVE MATERIALS ON FEED EFFICIENCY AND PROTEIN EFFICIENCY RATIO IN RED TILAPIA FISH (OREOCHROMIS NILOTICUS) SEED PHASE. Scientific Papers. Series D. Animal Science, Vol. LX, ISSN 2285-5750, 348-352.

FEEDING QUALITY OF THE MEAT FROM BROILERS FED WITH DIETARY FOOD INDUSTRY BY-PRODUCTS (FLAXSEED, RAPESEEDS AND BUCKTHORN MEAL, GRAPE POMACE)

Published in Scientific Papers. Series D. Animal Science, Vol. LX
Written by Petru Alexandru VLAICU, Tatiana Dumitra PANAITE, Dumitru DRAGOTOIU, Mariana ROPOTA, Eugen BOBE, Margareta OLTEANU, Rodica Diana CRISTE

A feeding trial was conducted on 75, ROSS308 (0-42days) broilers, to evaluate the quality of the meat from broilers which received food industry by-products in their diets: rapeseeds meal and grape pomace, or flaxseeds meal and buckthorn meal. The broiler chicks were assigned to 3 groups (C, E1 and E2), and were housed in an experimental hall with controlled environmental conditions: average air temperature 27.07±2.75oC, humidity 64.80±9.57%. For 10 days, during the starter phase, all chicks received a conventional compound feed. In the other two stages (growing, finishing), compared to the conventional diet given to the C group, the diet formulations of the experimental groups included different proportions, depending on the phase of development, rapeseeds meal and grape pomace (E1), or flaxseeds and buckthorn meals (E2). The highest polyphenols concentration was determined in the finishing diet formulation for group E1 (with 8% rapeseeds meal and 4% grape pomace). The dietary concentration of ɷ 3 polyunsaturated fatty acids (ɷ 3 PUFA) in the diet formulations for group E2 increased with the level of dietary flaxseeds meal (2.5% during the grower phase and 8% in the finishing phase). Six broilers from each group were slaughtered in the end of the trial and meat (breast and thigh) and liver samples were collected and assayed for dry matter, protein, fat, ash, fatty acids and cholesterol. The highest concentration of ɷ 3 PUFA, which are essential for human health, were determined in the breast and thigh of E2 broilers (flaxseeds meal and buckthorn meal). The cholesterol level in the breast meat and thigh samples was not significantly different between groups; however, it was lowerin the experimental groups than in the control group. The fat level in the liver samples collected from C group broilers was significantly (P≤0.05) higher than in the experimental groups.

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VLAICU P.A., PANAITE T.D., DRAGOTOIU D., ROPOTA M., BOBE E., OLTEANU M., CRISTE R.D. 2017, FEEDING QUALITY OF THE MEAT FROM BROILERS FED WITH DIETARY FOOD INDUSTRY BY-PRODUCTS (FLAXSEED, RAPESEEDS AND BUCKTHORN MEAL, GRAPE POMACE) . Scientific Papers. Series D. Animal Science, Vol. LX, ISSN 2285-5750, 123-130.

FROM CONVENTIONAL TO ORGANIC AGRICULTURE – ROMANIAN PAST AND FUTURE PERSPECTIVES –

Published in Scientific Papers. Series D. Animal Science, Vol. LXI, Issue 1
Written by Dana TĂPĂLOAGĂ, Paul-Rodian TĂPĂLOAGĂ, Lucian-Ionel ILIE, Mara GEORGESCU, Dragoș GEORGESCU, Georgeta DINIȚĂ

Organic farming is a sector of great perspective for Romania, due to the fact that it enjoys appropriate conditions for the development of such a system of agriculture, fertile soils and low level of pollution of the countryside, by comparison with the economically developed countries, where super intensive agricultural technologies are used extensively, based largely on chemical fertilizers and pesticides. According to some data from the Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development, organic products market in Romania is in the full process of development and diversification. The aim of the present study was to analyse and interpret statistical data on the main crops, the evolution of cultivated areas, environment and ecological operators, the main genetically modified plants and the evolution of the areas cultivated with genetically modified organisms in the period 2008-2016 in Romania. Based on the statistical data of the plant sector, for the period 2010-2016, it is now taking shape that ecological agriculture was not a stable sector in Romania, having a constant evolution, in the years of study 2014-2016. Romania has great opportunities for promotion and development of organic agriculture due to the utilised agricultural area of 14.8 million ha and of the soils of unpolluted groundwater.

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TAPALOAGA D., TAPALOAGA P.R., ILIE L.I., GEORGESCU M., GEORGESCU D., DINITA G. 2018, FROM CONVENTIONAL TO ORGANIC AGRICULTURE – ROMANIAN PAST AND FUTURE PERSPECTIVES – . Scientific Papers. Series D. Animal Science, Vol. LXI, Issue 1, ISSN 2285-5750, 239-244.

GENETIC CHARACTERISTICS OF HOLSTEIN CATTLE

Published in Scientific Papers. Series D. Animal Science, Vol. LX
Written by Aleksandra KONSTANDOGLO, Valentin FOKSHA, Alexander KENDIGELYAN, Igor AKBASH, Maria AKBASH

There are presented the results of the evaluation of animals of Holsteins of Dutch selection in herd SLL „DokSanCom” for the 2 study periods: Ist (2012, n = 202) and the IInd (2016, n = 144). During the analyzed periods of research in the population of the assessed animals is observed a high frequency of occurrence of antigens B2, G2, I2, O2, Y2, E'2, G″, which is typical for the Holstein breed and other breeds of black motley roots, and also to the Moldovan type of black - motley cattle. In the AEC-system is observed an increase in the frequency of occurrence of antigens R1 (0.0247-0.0833), E (0.5742-0.5903), X2 (0.5891-0.6806), L′ (0.0742-0.2083). During the analyzed period of studies were found 21 identical alleles of AEB-locus. The main relative densities in the structure of the allelophond of herd alleles occupy B2O1, B2O1Y2Dʹ, G2Y2Eʹ1Qʹ, I2, D′G′O′, Oʹ, Q′ and G″. Low homozygosity ratio (Cα – 5.0-5.2%) shows the high genetic diversity of the population of studied cattle. In the antigenic spectrum and in the allelophond of AEB locus at cattle of SLL „DokSanCom” predominate marker antigens and alleles characteristic to Holstein cattle, to other breeds of black motley roots, and also to Moldovan type of black motley cattle. Further selection and selection of animals in the herd SLL „DokSanCom” expedient to maintain in view of the genetic blood group systems.

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KONSTANDOGLO A., FOKSHA V., KENDIGELYAN A., AKBASH I., AKBASH M. 2017, GENETIC CHARACTERISTICS OF HOLSTEIN CATTLE. Scientific Papers. Series D. Animal Science, Vol. LX, ISSN 2285-5750, 40-44.


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